Namaste to everyone.
I was asked to tell the audience something about Sanskrit Language. Sanskrit is such a language, I have not come here to boast about Sanskrit, to preach about its greatness. The experience which I have gained from worshipping this Sanskrit language, the experience which I understand is my strength with which I am sustaining my life, those experiences I want to share with you.
The media which helps express emotions, all such media of Sanskrit language, if taken as a separate subject, one by one and everyday lectures are given on it, like there are shlokas, that if we keep on explaining till eternity, even then it will not come to an end. Some things about experience, some of my thoughts about the practical aspect of Sanskrit language, that I will present.
And, we have kept the topic that Sanskrit is the language of our soul, the language of the Soul. Why did we choose this topic that Sanskrit is the language of the soul, what does it mean? Sanskrit as a global language, planetary language, scientific language, perfect language, as a language of Yoga, we have heard on a lot many topics. But, this topic we have kept that language of the soul, what is its relation with the soul and why this kind of topic was chosen? All of us, when we grew up from childhood, we were sent to a school, to do what? Why do we go to school? To earn knowledge, now studying since childhood we go up to M.A., Ph.D., above, much above that. What do we learn there? Whatever they teach we learn that. If we are asked what is the goal of education? Why do we get educated? What is the meaning of education? Why should we go to School? Study these subjects, take exams, then the thing about pass and fail, if we pass with good percentage then it’s all right, if we fail then the problems which are there, you know about that. Why should we tolerate all this burden? Are we, from the starting, getting education after understanding what is the meaning of education? Or, whatever Education is being provided to us, is it given to attain that great target, that greater target? what do we do on being educated? What is the goal of our life? why have we come here? About a lot of rishi munis, earlier rishi munis also rishi munis from today, about all these you must have heard that they used to ask this question that who am I, why I have come? What is my purpose, what is my target? These kinds of questions we do not ask today. If someone kidnaps us we ask why have you brought me here? What is my purpose? At that point the question arises. But on a general level, this question does not arise in our heart. You must have heard something about Upanishad, Veda, Gita and all these Scriptures. On the basis of Upanishad, my Research is there on Upanishads, I made a collation from that, what is there in that collation? That the rishi muni who were there in Upanishad Yuga, the Seekers in that Yuga, what kind of Questions they were looking Answers for? So, I collated all the kinds of Questions from all Upanishads, almost 30 Questions were taken from the Upanishads. The Answer to these questions, they went for education with these Questions, always kept these Questions in front and searched for answer to these. We go for obtaining education but without any Question in our Hearts. We are asked again and again, ‘Any Question’, everyone keeps quiet. Any Question in your mind? No. No Questions come to the mind, it feels all doubts are removed. But this Question if asked in the older times that what is the target of life? What is the target of Education? The target of all Education has been covered in only two Words. Very important Words have been given, two Words, what are they? Aatmaanam Viddhi. In only two Words, the target of all Education has been covered. Aatmaanam Viddhi means, identify your Soul, know it. The Education which cannot connect us to our Soul, then that Education is not Education.
Aatma vaa Are Drashtavyo Shrotavyo Mantavyo Nididhyaasitavyo. Whatever happened in the name of Education, these kinds of many examples you can take out from Scriptures. Whatever happened was linked to the Aatmaa.
Take Panini, a very technical Scripture, Ashtaadhyaayee, highly technical. It’s a kind of Software Programme, which was made without any Hardware. Where was the Hardware in those times? So, this technical a Scripture has been given. You will think what will I gain from this? How will I get Emancipation? In our culture, In our culture, whatever Scripture you pick up, Veda, Upanishad, Gita, these are Spiritual Scriptures. Apart from these Scriptures, if you take Scriptures on Grammar, Kamasutras of Vatsyayana, or take up Scriptures on Physics, Chemistry, Metallurgy. This target of Life, these Elements of Creation, philosophy., has not been taken up by anyone. Every Scripture is about Emancipation.
I will give you an example, this language, I will come to the language later on. Panini wrote the Ashtadhyayi Scripture. You all will be acquainted with this name also. The Formulae of Panini, his style and the technique he employed, that and those who have read. In presenting this so, technical a subject, the target, the Element of Creation, Philosophy, Philosophy of the Creation, he did not forget any of these. Because here, Philosophy, Technique, everything is together, not separate from each other, Inseparable.
I want to give you an example from Panini. When we teach or study the Kaaraka Chapter in Ashtadhyayi, what is the first Kaaraka in Ashtadhyayi? If you have read Ashtadhyayi, in the Kaaraka Chapter k, first the Karta, the Karma, the Karana, the Sampraddana, the Apaadaana and then Sambandha, the Adhikarana., in this order it comes from One to Seven, the Sixth is not taken as a Kaaraka, its Sambandha. So, these Karta, Karma, Karana, Sampradaana, Apaadaana and Adhikarana, in this order when we study Prakriya, we come to know.
Which Kaaraka did Panini give the first place? Didn’t give it to Karta, Karma, Karana, Sampradaana or Adhikarana. First place was given to Apaadaana. The first Formula in Panini’s Ashtadhyayi in the Kaaraka Chapter is ‘Apaadaana’. Why did he keep Apaadaana? Now from the eye of panini, from the Technique of Panini, the answer will be different. But I am not going on to that, I want to connect to Panini on the basis of Elements of Creation, the Philosophy you get in Vedas, Upanishads. What is the meaning of the word Apaadaana. The meaning of the word Apaadaana which Panini has given, the Definition, Dhruvam Apaayi Apaadaanam. This is the Formula written by Panini. Apaayi, Apaaya means Separation, on getting Separated, like a Leaf is falling from a Tree, now who is getting Separated? Tree getting separated from the Leaf and the Leaf being separated from the Tree, separation is from both sides, but which is the Apaadaana? Panini says that the Fixed, the Fixed part is the Apaadaana. If it is falling from the Tree, then the Tree is the Apaadaana. This is the place where we use the fifth case. Vrikshaat Patram Patati, the total Apaadaana Chapter, separation is the keynote there.
In the second Formula, Panini writes, Bheetraarthaanaam Bhayahetuh. This means if we give an example, fearing the tiger, if we say this in Sanskrit, fearing the tiger, the cause of fear means that which produces fear is the Apaadaana. Sight of tiger induces fear, sight of thief induces fear, sight of ghost induces fear, so that which induces fear is Apaadaana. Now, I had a question in my mind since my childhood, which was not answered by any teacher, not in M.A., not in M.Phil., not in Ph.D. Whoever I asked could not answer this question. The question in my mind was that if Panini decided that separation, getting bereft, if Apaaya is the keynote in Apaadaana, now I feel fear only when I see the tiger, fear is felt only when there is the thought of the tiger, when I see the ghost, then there is fear, where is the Apaadaana here? This was the question.
I got the answer to this question when I was reading Shree Aurobindo’s commentary on Ishavasya Upanishad, I got it well I was reading Brihadaaranyaka Upanishad. What is the co-relation between them? This “bhaya hetu” which has been written by Panini, what I meant to say is that when our Rishi Muni have given us a scripture, be it any scripture, related to Science or any scripture, it is never different from, the ultimate target, the ultimate element. All scriptures are scriptures of emancipation from this viewpoint.
What is written in the Brihadaaranyaka Upanishad? What is the root cause of fear? Why does fear get induced? The cause of fear here, it is not the tiger, not the ghost, not the devil, not the thief, fear is induced when, thus says the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad, “Dviteeyaad vai bhayam”. When there is a second entity, then there is fear, when that duality is not there, when we stay in oneness, then where will fear come from?
Any language can become a mantrik language, any language. The own state of inanimation of a language, a mantrik language can be created by taking the language above that state of inanimation. It depends on the users of the language. Who is using, for example, Swami Vivekananda, Ramana Maharshi, Shri Aurobindo, all the Rishis of the modern times, specially Shri Aurobindo, I am coming from there only. I’m a follower of Shri Aurobindo. When you study the life divine scriptures of Sh. Aurobindo or the Savitri scripture, you do not feel like you are reading English. Even the much senior professors of English language also do not understand his language. One who has never read anything can understand his language easily. This is the matter of consciousness.
At that place there was a Babaji Maharaj. Babaji Maharaj’s educational qualification is class V. He did not go above V. The difficult language of Sh. Aurobindo, scriptures like Savitri, scriptures like life divine, scriptures like synthesis of the Yogi, he would teach people with such ease, how did he understand so easily. You must have heard the name of Vasishtha Ganapati Muni. And if you have not, he was the first and primary disciple of Bhagwan Ramana Maharshi, whose Ashram is in Tiruvannamalai. He only found Bhagwan Ramana Maharshi. This name “Bhagwan Ramana Maharshi” was given by him only. He had relations with Shri Aurobindo as well and also with the mother. Vasishtha Ganapati Muni was such a staunch advocate of Swadeshi that he would not even look at hoardings in English. It was not hate, but his feelings for Swadeshi. Because he was beyond hate and all this. He was so much Swadeshi that he would not read, write or even look at English. But, books like secret of the Veda, The Mother, authored by Sh. Aurobindo, he could very easily translate them to Sanskrit. He did not know the language. So, Sh. Aurobindo was once asked that this Muni does not know even the alphabets of English, but he can so easily and so well translate them to Sanskrit, when Sh. Aurobindo saw the translation, he said, it looks better than the original. It is not difficult, it looks difficult to us. What did Sh. Aravind say. So, when Sh. Aravind was asked this, he gave the answer that whoever is open to the truth, whoever is looking for the truth, the truth descends on to him, truth enters their consciousness on its own like they say “Vivrnute tanoom svaam”.
So, it gets subsumed on its own, in its consciousness. Language is not a barrier. Language is not a barrier and their connection get established with the consciousness which is present in that language. When it is made then every language becomes easy. Why is Sanskrit difficult? Because Sanskrit is not an ordinary language. It is not a survival language. It is not a conventional language. It is a language of the consciousness and you should stay calm from the inside. As the Mother said once, if you want to speak effectively for one hour, remain quiet for ten hours. If we sit quietly for 10 hours, stay calm, then we can speak effectively for an hour, this would be influential. Where is that peace now? Where do we study Sanskrit like that? Do we study any Scripture? The words I have used, ‘Manana’, ‘Chintana’, ‘Nididhyaasana’, ‘Darshana’, the act of studying has declined. Do we do ‘Manana’? That consciousness, if we move up from our ordinary consciousness towards higher level, move towards higher consciousness, we will also be able to understand Sanskrit bhasha on our own.
(To read the second Part, PLEASE CLICK HERE).