Savarkar believed that the emergence of a nation is possible only in a modern industrial society
A big flaw in the right wing thought which I am coming to is that we have forgotten the ‘where did you originated’. The Savarkar, I thought, which I see as a systematic political thought in the right wing, aimed not at a village utopia. It was not arguing for an agrarian Utopia; it was arguing for a modern industrial nation. Because he understood that only in a modern industrial sector, can you have the emergence of a nation? Why? These are two process of the same side. See, once you have an agrarian order and in India that order is driven by caste differences and other socialist stratifications. You can never become a nation and this is what Ambedkar also said, that what exactly is a nation and there are many definitions but the best definition is that nation is a community in which people relate to each other, they can feel each other’s pain and happiness. This as simple as you get it.
Now once you have a society divided on the basis of caste and other social distinctions, you cannot have a nation. Its only when you have the rise of the civilization and the rise of urbanization that people started moving away from the agricultural sector to the modern sector, because modern sector need what you say a free labor. They do not operate a modernization or urbanization cannot happen in a society which is bounded by caste. The labor has to be free, the people have to be free to choose their professions. There should be labor mobility in the economy. And only then you will have the urbanization and industrialization. It’s only when they come to the urban center and the industrial center and they start living together, irrespective of their caste and background and reason or language. It’s that you have the emergence of the new class of people which shares the similar experience and similar concerns. And it is on that basis a nation grows. It happened everywhere, wherever you talk about the modern nation, the modern nations, there is some element of homogenization.