Sir Syed Ahmed Khan was the original proponent of the two-nation theory, that Muslims are a separate nation. Then Mohammad Iqbal carried it forward. Mohammad Iqbal was initially a very, what is called he was a little romanticized by the Indian past and he even composed, as everybody knows, the Qaumi Tarana ‘Saare jahan Se Achcha Hindostan Hamara’. What people do not know is that within a few years of composing that tarana, he himself disowned it. And he composed another tarana which is called the Milli Tarana, and in Milli Tarana the concept of Ummat is again reinforced and it says, ‘Muslim hain hum, Watan hai saara jahan hamaara’. Goes like this, ‘Cheeno Arab hamaara, Cheeno Arab hamaara, Hindostan hamaara, Muslim hain hum, Watan hai saara jahan hamaara’.
In fact, Sahir Ludhianvi even wrote a spoof on this, if some people are interested in Hindi movies then they would have heard this song, where he replaces the later stanzas and says, ‘Rehne ko ghar nahin hai, saara jahan hamaara’. That was a spoof on this Milli Tarana of Iqbal. And Iqbal, he kept looking for disciples, of course he was quite eclectic in his taste and he even dabbled with a little bit of spirituality, but he gave it up pretty soon and became the basic ideologue of Pakistan. He was the one who persuaded Mohammed Ali Jinnah to come back.