Keezhadi: is the site on the bank of Vaigai river around 20 miles outside Madurai. From this paper between between 2014 – 2016 I got picture over here (slide) This is a very interesting picture because it shows Terracotta pipes. Last we saw such pipes in I buds Valley civilisation. When the Archeologists saw this, they got excited and said that this is somehow related to Harappan Technology. They had not seen these earlier in other Southern sites. There is lot of brick lining, and there is drainage, seals, terracotta pots, figurines and so on. This excited a lot of people because they found pottery with Tamil Brahmi on them. This is very interesting (slide) – A Fish. In Indus Valley script one of the most frequent signs is Fish, and seeing a fish over here was exciting for the archeologists.
So, they made quick connection to Harappa. They also found some jewellery and some artefacts like Ivory comb, beads, pestle and mortars and those kind of common things we expect to see in a civilisation. And some more that hints of industry at Keeladi, things like buttons, weaving industry, glass beads, game pieces like in Harappa, terracotta figurines and some bone points that may have been used in hunting. In 2017 they did carbon dating in Keeladi. The news said that they had dug upto 4.5 meters at Keeladi, they took samples at 2 meters depth and sent to Florida for carbon dating.
Samples from the middle layer at 2 meter came depth came to 3rd century BCE. So when this result came at Keeladi I did a Linear curve fitting and I said that the top layer is 2017, and 2 meter down is 300 BCE then with taken a straight line fit at 4.5 meters ought to be 3000 BCE. Very recently in 2019 they released 6 more carbon dating results which are at various depths, they took it at 200 cm depth, and 353 cm depth and it came around 6th century and 3rd century BC from sample they sent to Florida lab once again.
From the present year in 2000 if you take the first line if it goes from this point to 2 meter depth then the earlier curve goes down to 2.5 meter goes to 3000 BCE. Where as if you take a new line and it terminates somewhere around here (slide) 800 BCE the range from lower strata of Keeladi can range from 821 BCE to 3000 BCE corresponding to 4.5 meter depth. I suggested that we need to be more optimistic so the true data can be anywhere from 800 to 10000 BCE, So when is the real date? Let us take a look at what we found in Bet Dwarka. Prof. S. R. Rao had found pottery inscription that looked like a transitive script between Indus script to Brahmi. And he decoded the script and suggested this. In Keeladi too we found a lot of graffiti and this seems to bear resemblance to Indus signs. I am suggesting that there was contact via sea trade very early and sharing of knowledge. This is possible and given that we have a transitive Indus Brahmi inscription in Bet Dwarka in 500 BCE I am taking an average of these two and saying that Keeladi is probably 1900 BCE. That is probably the date of the Terminus layer over there.
One more Archeological site in South that is called Adichanallur. Adichanallur is near Thuthukudi in the Southern India where they found a lot of things. They found Urn burials and gold diadems called Pattam, the bride groom wears a head ornament, very old custom in India even in Southern India called Pattam. They found the bronze of Mother Goddess. This is the word that is introduced by the Marxists, in India we have nothing like Mother Goddess, we know what Shakti is. But this is called Mother Goddess dated around 1500 BCE. They found skulls of foreigners from South east China, Mediterranean Africa around 2500 BCE in this part of India. These skulls show abnormalities, it is reminiscent of deep sea diving, there are some nitrogen pockets. It causes changes in structure like holes in the skull. So they were deep sea divers for pearls. They studied 170 skeleton remains, Caucasian constituted 35%, Mongoloid 30%, Negroid 14% and so onanistic what they called Dravidian 8% and mixed traits. However this paper also says that the population hanged by 500 BCE. Whoever was there earlier at 2500 BCE that entirely changed by 500 BCE.
So, way back in 2005 when tsunami hit Southern a India it also uncovered certain things start Mahabalipuram. One of the things that it uncovered was a temple that is 2200 years old, 200 BCE. We talked about Keeladi, the declared dates are 600 BCE however I proposed 1900 BCE for the reason of Brahmi and Transitive Brahmi. From there we went to Adichanallur and said that look at the artefacts we found there. And now I am coming to 2200 years ago we had Hindu culture, actual remains of a temple found.