Chief reasons for the decline of Buddhism in India listed out by historian scholar PV Kane.
1) People realised the dangers of buddhist teachings of constantly being preached on how the world is a place of suffering & giving up on all desires etc
2) Hindu concept of 4 Ashrama system gave men a real purpose in life. Inculcated discipline in them, unlike Buddhist philosophy that threatened the very stability & continuance of human society that gradually led to loss of physical & mental vitality, idleness & race suicide
3) Later Buddhists strayed so much from the original teachings of buddha, in the process they simply ended up copying Hindu ideals like Bhakti. The line between Buddhism & Hinduism got so thin that the former got subsumed in the vast superior ocean that is Hindu dharma.
The final & real blow to buddhism came from the turushka invasion. It completely wiped it out from most parts of India, even though Hindu kings had continued to be patrons of buddhist art, architecture, literature etc just before turushka invasions.
An example of a Hindu king sponsoring Buddhists just few decades prior to turushka invasion. Kumaradevi, queen of Govindachandra, Hindu king of Kashi had a Buddhist vihara build. Govindachandra himself made numerous gifts to Buddhist monks.All the while fighting turushkas as well
There is not a shred of conclusive evidence to show state sponsored persecution of buddhists by any Hindu king, including Pushyamitra Shunga. On the contrary, Hindu kings continued to be great patrons of buddhist art, architecture, literature even during its terminal decay.