Miscellaneous

The Mighty Pallava Empire

Courtesy: https://twitter.com/clioschronicles/status/1540945381722562560?s=21&t=6vSwoxsgKjFIa_eQrRxgHw

The history of Tamil Nadu saw the rise & fall of many empires. One among them is the Pallavas who ruled the south, with Kanchipuram as their capital from 275 CE to 897 CE. A dynasty that has left its marks still on the whole face of Mahabalipuram.

Derives its name from the Sanskrit word “Pallava” which means “a tender leaf or new shoot” and like a germinating plant it spread its branches all across ancient Indian history.

The Pallavas have a very controversial origin story. Some historians think that they of Naga origin & came to settle in Tondaimandalam region near Madras, while some others say that they are a descendant of a Chola prince & Naga princess of Manipallavam, which is near Sri Lanka as mentioned in the Manimekalai Epic. Another guess is that they worked as officials under Satavahana rulers and later they established their reign. The origin of this dynasty has been debated by scholars for a long time.

Unlike the story of the genesis of this empire, the story of their reign is quite clear from all the granthas that have been discovered over time.

The various paintings, sculptures & plates that have been devoted to their history & culture have enlightened us through their art & languages of Tamil and Prakrit. The story is quite fascinating and starts with Vishnugopa II getting defeated by Samudragupta.

It is his son, Simhavishnu who is the known founder of the Pallava dynasty and who was also quite an efficient and strong ruler. He was also known to recapture Kanchi, their once-lost capital from the Cholas.

After the death of Simhavishnu, started the reign of Mahendravarman I,

the Pallava ruler who first signed his name in history with the construction of famous cave temples at Mahabalipuram. He was a great patron of art, culture & architecture. He started a new form of Dravidian architecture which has been called the “Mahendra style”.

The famous architectural monuments like Varaha Cave Temple, The Mahabalipuram Lighthouse, Kokarneshwarar temple etc were all constructed during his reign. He also commissioned so many Siva temples in and around his kingdom. From his time, the capital of Pallavas was Kanchipuram.

However, like any other vast & prosperous empire, this one was also not out of the clutches of enmity and war. The Pandyas and Chalukyas were a constant threat and Mahendravarman died in the battle with Chalukya Pulakesi II and his son, Narasimhavarman I ascended the throne.

A young Narasimhavarman was filled with the blood of revenge as he took over his father’s kingdom. He worked diligently toward that goal & finally defeated Pulakesi and took over the Chalukya capital of Vatapi, taking the title of “Vatapikonda”. He was also known for vanquishing the Cholas, Cheras, and Pandyas out of the kingdom. The king was not only known for his valiant qualities on the battlefield. He continued the patronage of art and architecture from his father’s time and built the Kailasnatha temple in Kanchi & Shore temple in Mahabalipuram.

The great Sanskrit writer Dandin was his court poet & great saints like Appar, Tirugnanasambandar, Siruthondar lived during his reign. When Hiuen Tsang visited his kingdom, he found the people happy. The crops were in abundance & the king never lost a war.

Narasimhavarman was undoubtedly the best ruler of Pallava dynasty. He was given the biruda of Mahamalla, meaning “great warrior” which is why Mahabalipuram is also called Mamallapuram. The multi-faceted ruler had a strong involvement in Sri Lankan politics as well.

Despite the political brawl over land with so many strong opponents, the Pallava kingdom extended from the northern part of Andhra Pradesh in the north to Trichy in the south.

Art, paintings, and scriptures were of great importance during this dynasty as was architecture.

The languages were mostly Tamil, Sanskrit, and Prakrit and they also developed their own Pallava script which later on became the grantha.

The great empire met its downfall when the Cholas and Chalukyas started invading the kingdom to avenge their past.

The dynasty declined when King Vijayachola finally defeated Aparajitavarman in 890 CE. The stories of the Pallava Dynasty can still be witnessed in the sculptures, temples and beautiful architecture of Mahabalipuram to this day..

Information Sources: britannica{dot}com, indianmirror{dot}com and mintageworld{dot}com

Images are used for the representation purpose only.

Leave a Reply

You may also like

Medieval History Miscellaneous

The legacy of loyalty by the great Mughals 

Courtesy: https://twitter.com/mumukshusavitri/status/1532261065207074817?s=24&t=rsnv1Gu82ULo9uO982zZig

1 The Mughal emperor Humayun blinded his own brother Kamran & murdered his brothers Askari and Hindal.

2 Akbar the “great” killed his own foster brother Adham Khan by throwing him down from the palace walls at Agra, in 1562. Akbar’s murder of Adham Khan was illustrated in the Akbarnama by the Mughal court artists Miskin and Shankar.

Image

3 Jahangir cruelly blinded his own son Khusrau as his father Akbar wanted his grandson as heir, because Jahangir was an alcoholic & drug addict. Khusrau was captured, put on an elephant & paraded down Chandni Chowk, while his kinsmen were held at knife-point on raised platforms.

Image

4 As the elephant approached each platform, each supporter was impaled on a stake (through his bowels), while Khusrau was forced to watch & listen to the screams. This was repeated numerous times, then Khusrau was blinded by his father Jahangir in…

Read More
Ancient History History Maritime History Medieval History Miscellaneous

India-China Conflict: India’s Victory of 1967 and the 2020 Clash #Sangam Talk By Probal DasGupta

post-image

The Indian army veteran and author of Watershed 1967: India’s forgotten victory over China, Probal DasGupta talks of the Indo-China relations, particularly the lesser known incidents of 1967. The present standoff in Ladakh has raised questions of war and has brought up the historic narrative between the two countries. today. For fifty years, the event that dominated our memories was the 1962 India-China war, which India lost. However, the present crisis has focused on India’s victory over China in 1967. Probal’s book Watershed 1967 has played a significant role in reshaping the India-China narrative. In this talk he discusses China’s motives and India’s options today, and how 1967 is relevant in the current India-China skirmishes.

About the Speaker:

Probal DasGupta is an Indian army veteran and author…

Read More
Ancient History History Maritime History Medieval History Miscellaneous

Tibet: How Nehru lost India & Tibet in 1954

post-image

Courtesy: Sheshapatangi1 https://twitter.com/sheshapatangi1/status/1519882907455696899?s=21&t=Xt1Vy_kfGP9wkhdxbMWI8w

On this day in 1954, Nehru Government Officially DENOUNCED TIBET.

Excerpts from Tibet – The Lost Frontier by Claude Arpi.

On May 15, 1954 – Nehru summed up the debate in the parliament by saying “in my opinion, we have done no better thing than this since we became independent. I have no doubt about this… I think it is right for our country, for Asia and for the World”.

It took only few days for India to discover that all problems had not been settled. The first Chinese incursion in the Barahoti area of Uttar Pradesh occurred in June 1954. This was the first of a series of hundreds of incursions which culminated in the attack of October 1962.
In school,…

Read More
Ancient History History Maritime History Medieval History Miscellaneous

Weapons from Punjab and Rajasthan seized in Maharashtra

post-image

While the Hanuman Chalisa and Azaan issue is simmering in Maharashtra huge batches of Swords and other weapons transported from states like Rajasthan and Punjab are being seized in Maharashtra. In last few days three such cases have been registered by Maharashtra police. Isn’t it a clear message that violence is knocking on the door? The rioters being celebrated and awarded in Karnataka and the long list of benefiters from Karauli riots convey the same! Wake up Hindus!

Source: https://www.naidunia.com

Maharashtra के धुले में मिला हथियारों का जखीरा, तलवार और खंजर समेत 90 हथियार जब्त, 4 आरोपी गिरफ्तार। अजान को लेकर राज ठाकरे की होने वाली सभा के लिए, राजस्थान से भेजी जा रही थीं तलवारें।

महाराष्ट्र के धुले जिले से भारी मात्रा में हथियार…

Read More
Ancient History History Maritime History Medieval History Miscellaneous

One more territory lost to the changing Demography! The Uttarakhand!

post-image

Courtesy: https://twitter.com/anshul_aliganj/status/1517047053821825025?s=21&t=m0uR2PDEkJsDWLonYOQqAg

In Uttarakhand the Tourism Industry has been taken over by Samuday Vishesh. After the change in demography this was bound to happen.

Gadhwal was lost already and and now kumaon getting lost. Be it Nainital, Bhimtal, Ramnagar, Bageshwar,Jageshwar,Ranikhet and Kisano every where you will find them.
Locals have leased their hotels and restaurants to them.

Even when they are of not so well off background still they are able to do highest bidding and are able to get the hotels on lease.
Samuday Vishesh People from far off places have come and taken over Uttarakhand Tourism.

They have removed the local waiters , cooks and…

Read More
Ancient History History Maritime History Medieval History Miscellaneous

The Jama Masjid of Ahmedabad on the glorious Bhadra Kali Mandir

post-image

Source:
https://www.booksfact.com/archeology/jama-masjid-ahmedabad-bhadrakali-temple.html

The Jama Masjid in Ahmedabad was originally A Bhadra Kali temple. It was converted into a mosque by Ahmed Shah I. The intricate flowers, coiled serpents representing Kundalini and bells, the remnants of the glorious temple that it may have been. Such carvings are banned in Islam. This goes on to support the history of the temple. Goddess Bhadrakali was believed to be the Nagar Devi of Ahmedabad.

One of Ahmedabad’s ancient names was Bhadra which was after Devi Bhadrakali. Ahmedabad was named after Ahmad Shah I of the Muzaffarid dynasty who forcibly captured “Karnavati” in 1411.

Bhadrakali temple is believed to be one of the oldest temple of Ahmedabad and located inside Bhadra Fort in center of city.The exact date of construction is not known but as per the evidence this holy shrine…

Read More
Ancient History History Maritime History Medieval History Miscellaneous

Facts about Mahmud Ghazni

post-image

Courtesy: Eztainutlacatl

How many of you know that Mahmud’s father was a Kyrghyz Buddhist caught in childhood and converted forcibly? How many know that Mahmud is called Zabuli because he was born out of a forced union between that slave Sabuktegin and a Zabuli Princess?

And how many of you know that Multan sided Mahmud against the Shahis in the name of religion but Mahmud decided Multan was not Muslim enough and attacked it? And how many of you know that of the 17 raids of Mahmud, 14 are against his neighbour, the Shahis?

And how many of you know that Mahmud is not exactly great – he waged an annual jihad against India but in 31 his year rule, only 17 raids are known – what happened to the balance 13? And how…

Read More
Ancient History History Maritime History Medieval History Miscellaneous

Kastur Ba: the secret shadow

post-image

On her 153rd Birth anniversary

Courtesy: Sheshapatangi1

https://twitter.com/sheshapatangi1/status/1513352430250995715?s=21&t=i81i06F0q8_Wv8EeFTvdjg

“I simply cannot bear to look at Ba’s face, the expression is often like that of a meek cow and that in her own dump manner she is saying something” –
MKG

To keep the brand, “Mahatma” popular, they never told the miserable story of his wife.
On her 153rd birth anniversary, let us revisit a tragedy called #KasturbaGandhi.

Born on April 11, 1869 at Porbander, Kasturba was elder to Gandhi by 6 months, she married Mohandas with whom she played since her childhood.

Gandhi’s rejection of Kasturba came to the extent…

Read More
%d bloggers like this: