Miscellaneous

Birsa Munda – The tribal revolutionary

– Shri Ravi Singh Choudhury

Source: Wikipedia

Bhagwan Birsa Munda; The great freedom fighter was born on 15 November 1875, in Ulihatu in district Khunti, Jharkhand. He is revered as “Dharti Aaba” literally means father of the land. So when he died in jail on June 9, 1900, he was just 25. Now you can imagine that how much dangerous he was against the British Raj that mysteriously he died in the jail itself. In history books it is mentioned as he died of Cholera.

The word ‘Ulgulan’ means Aandolan(Revolt). The Munda Ulgulan of 1894 was led by Bhagwan Birsa Munda. Although the point of outburst of the revolt was against zamindari system introduced by the British Raj. The Mundas traditionally had a system known as Khunkhatti which was a system of joint land-holding. It was replaced with exploitative system involving Zamindars and other farmers and middlemen. Mundas became forced farm labourers. But what was the reason for this prolonged rage that became revolt?

Quoting from the book “CASTE, CONVERSION, A COLONIAL CONSPIRACY’ by Sri Satish K Sharma.
“When India gained freedom from the British in 1947, when Lord Harries was 11 years old, thirteen million people in 127 “criminal by birth” communities faced search and arrest if any member of the group was found outside the area prescribed to them, by Anglicans.”

Now it is the “Criminal Tribes Act” of 1871 which labelled whole communities of Hindus as being Guilty at BIRTH. That’s how police can have arrest warrant without any valid reasons and similarly they can stop even Janjatis roaming in forest and force them as Agricultural settlers. While talking about problems before independence, We generally see the word Britishers, Colonial masters, east India company and so on. We never pay attention to Christian missionaries. Even the famous book on Art & Culture by Nitin Singhania quotes that religious conversions brought better health and education in the society. This book is recommended for IAS Aspirants. Throughout the history when Kings conquer, they also bring their gurus/masters. Britishers came so the Church. Soft power follows the Hard power.

As Birsa Munda was seen as bright student by their parents so he was admitted in German missionary school by his father on one condition that Birsa Munda must become Birsa David. So he converted into Christianity.
He was renamed as Birsa David and later to Birsa Daud. That was also the period of German and Roman Catholic Christian agitation. Birsa stayed at Chaibasa, but seeing the exploitative activities of the Church and the British Raj, Munda’s father withdrew him from school and left the place. The family also renounced Christianity and reverted to their original tribal religious customs.

In August 1897, Birsa and 400 of his tribal guerrilla soldiers armed with arrowheads attacked the Khunti police station. When we here the word guerrilla, we immediately recall the Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj. But who taught maharaj this warfare techniques. Again we can recall the emblem of Mahrana Pratap having person of Bhil Janjati figure in it. So technically those who are Forest dwellers have much more understanding of topography and local geographical conditions, it is always a leverage for them. Warfare is even unfair for one group if topography doesn’t suit to the group. In 1898, the Mundas clashed with the British forces on the banks of the Tanga river, in which the British army was defeated at first but later got the arrest.
When Birsa Munda was caught by the troops, he was sleeping.

He was remembered as the one to have mobilized the tribal community against the British. Even the Jharkhand state when it was separated from Bihar, the foundation day was decided as 15th November; the birth anniversary of Dharati Aaba Birsa Munda.

Leave a Reply

You may also like

Medieval History Miscellaneous

The legacy of loyalty by the great Mughals 

Courtesy: https://twitter.com/mumukshusavitri/status/1532261065207074817?s=24&t=rsnv1Gu82ULo9uO982zZig

1 The Mughal emperor Humayun blinded his own brother Kamran & murdered his brothers Askari and Hindal.

2 Akbar the “great” killed his own foster brother Adham Khan by throwing him down from the palace walls at Agra, in 1562. Akbar’s murder of Adham Khan was illustrated in the Akbarnama by the Mughal court artists Miskin and Shankar.

Image

3 Jahangir cruelly blinded his own son Khusrau as his father Akbar wanted his grandson as heir, because Jahangir was an alcoholic & drug addict. Khusrau was captured, put on an elephant & paraded down Chandni Chowk, while his kinsmen were held at knife-point on raised platforms.

Image

4 As the elephant approached each platform, each supporter was impaled on a stake (through his bowels), while Khusrau was forced to watch & listen to the screams. This was repeated numerous times, then Khusrau was blinded by his father Jahangir in…

Read More
Ancient History History Maritime History Medieval History Miscellaneous

India-China Conflict: India’s Victory of 1967 and the 2020 Clash #Sangam Talk By Probal DasGupta

post-image

The Indian army veteran and author of Watershed 1967: India’s forgotten victory over China, Probal DasGupta talks of the Indo-China relations, particularly the lesser known incidents of 1967. The present standoff in Ladakh has raised questions of war and has brought up the historic narrative between the two countries. today. For fifty years, the event that dominated our memories was the 1962 India-China war, which India lost. However, the present crisis has focused on India’s victory over China in 1967. Probal’s book Watershed 1967 has played a significant role in reshaping the India-China narrative. In this talk he discusses China’s motives and India’s options today, and how 1967 is relevant in the current India-China skirmishes.

About the Speaker:

Probal DasGupta is an Indian army veteran and author…

Read More
Ancient History History Maritime History Medieval History Miscellaneous

Tibet: How Nehru lost India & Tibet in 1954

post-image

Courtesy: Sheshapatangi1 https://twitter.com/sheshapatangi1/status/1519882907455696899?s=21&t=Xt1Vy_kfGP9wkhdxbMWI8w

On this day in 1954, Nehru Government Officially DENOUNCED TIBET.

Excerpts from Tibet – The Lost Frontier by Claude Arpi.

On May 15, 1954 – Nehru summed up the debate in the parliament by saying “in my opinion, we have done no better thing than this since we became independent. I have no doubt about this… I think it is right for our country, for Asia and for the World”.

It took only few days for India to discover that all problems had not been settled. The first Chinese incursion in the Barahoti area of Uttar Pradesh occurred in June 1954. This was the first of a series of hundreds of incursions which culminated in the attack of October 1962.
In school,…

Read More
Ancient History History Maritime History Medieval History Miscellaneous

Weapons from Punjab and Rajasthan seized in Maharashtra

post-image

While the Hanuman Chalisa and Azaan issue is simmering in Maharashtra huge batches of Swords and other weapons transported from states like Rajasthan and Punjab are being seized in Maharashtra. In last few days three such cases have been registered by Maharashtra police. Isn’t it a clear message that violence is knocking on the door? The rioters being celebrated and awarded in Karnataka and the long list of benefiters from Karauli riots convey the same! Wake up Hindus!

Source: https://www.naidunia.com

Maharashtra के धुले में मिला हथियारों का जखीरा, तलवार और खंजर समेत 90 हथियार जब्त, 4 आरोपी गिरफ्तार। अजान को लेकर राज ठाकरे की होने वाली सभा के लिए, राजस्थान से भेजी जा रही थीं तलवारें।

महाराष्ट्र के धुले जिले से भारी मात्रा में हथियार…

Read More
Ancient History History Maritime History Medieval History Miscellaneous

One more territory lost to the changing Demography! The Uttarakhand!

post-image

Courtesy: https://twitter.com/anshul_aliganj/status/1517047053821825025?s=21&t=m0uR2PDEkJsDWLonYOQqAg

In Uttarakhand the Tourism Industry has been taken over by Samuday Vishesh. After the change in demography this was bound to happen.

Gadhwal was lost already and and now kumaon getting lost. Be it Nainital, Bhimtal, Ramnagar, Bageshwar,Jageshwar,Ranikhet and Kisano every where you will find them.
Locals have leased their hotels and restaurants to them.

Even when they are of not so well off background still they are able to do highest bidding and are able to get the hotels on lease.
Samuday Vishesh People from far off places have come and taken over Uttarakhand Tourism.

They have removed the local waiters , cooks and…

Read More
Ancient History History Maritime History Medieval History Miscellaneous

The Jama Masjid of Ahmedabad on the glorious Bhadra Kali Mandir

post-image

Source:
https://www.booksfact.com/archeology/jama-masjid-ahmedabad-bhadrakali-temple.html

The Jama Masjid in Ahmedabad was originally A Bhadra Kali temple. It was converted into a mosque by Ahmed Shah I. The intricate flowers, coiled serpents representing Kundalini and bells, the remnants of the glorious temple that it may have been. Such carvings are banned in Islam. This goes on to support the history of the temple. Goddess Bhadrakali was believed to be the Nagar Devi of Ahmedabad.

One of Ahmedabad’s ancient names was Bhadra which was after Devi Bhadrakali. Ahmedabad was named after Ahmad Shah I of the Muzaffarid dynasty who forcibly captured “Karnavati” in 1411.

Bhadrakali temple is believed to be one of the oldest temple of Ahmedabad and located inside Bhadra Fort in center of city.The exact date of construction is not known but as per the evidence this holy shrine…

Read More
Ancient History History Maritime History Medieval History Miscellaneous

Facts about Mahmud Ghazni

post-image

Courtesy: Eztainutlacatl

How many of you know that Mahmud’s father was a Kyrghyz Buddhist caught in childhood and converted forcibly? How many know that Mahmud is called Zabuli because he was born out of a forced union between that slave Sabuktegin and a Zabuli Princess?

And how many of you know that Multan sided Mahmud against the Shahis in the name of religion but Mahmud decided Multan was not Muslim enough and attacked it? And how many of you know that of the 17 raids of Mahmud, 14 are against his neighbour, the Shahis?

And how many of you know that Mahmud is not exactly great – he waged an annual jihad against India but in 31 his year rule, only 17 raids are known – what happened to the balance 13? And how…

Read More
Ancient History History Maritime History Medieval History Miscellaneous

Kastur Ba: the secret shadow

post-image

On her 153rd Birth anniversary

Courtesy: Sheshapatangi1

https://twitter.com/sheshapatangi1/status/1513352430250995715?s=21&t=i81i06F0q8_Wv8EeFTvdjg

“I simply cannot bear to look at Ba’s face, the expression is often like that of a meek cow and that in her own dump manner she is saying something” –
MKG

To keep the brand, “Mahatma” popular, they never told the miserable story of his wife.
On her 153rd birth anniversary, let us revisit a tragedy called #KasturbaGandhi.

Born on April 11, 1869 at Porbander, Kasturba was elder to Gandhi by 6 months, she married Mohandas with whom she played since her childhood.

Gandhi’s rejection of Kasturba came to the extent…

Read More
%d bloggers like this: