Miscellaneous

We let our history be forgotten .. The Vijay stumbh at Vadgaon, Pune

– Mira Savara

We were talking about the 75th year of Independence which was coming up.

“Do you know that a war was fought against the British here, where we stand.” Said my friend, Mr. Khan.

I had recently moved to a Seniors Resort near Kamshet, a village near Pune. Situated in a peaceful valley with hills waterfalls , rice fields, buffaloes and goats walking by.

I thought, every place has so many multiple histories, most we are unaware of. But to learn that this area was part of a war was new .

“Yes, on this land was fought the first Anglo Maratha War between 1775 to 82.  It was fought right here between Talegaon and    Karla .And guess what, the East India Company lost that war to the Peshawas. It is probably one of the only victory of an Indian power over the British in India.The British had to sign a treaty handing over properties to the Peshawas. Come with me”

My friend took out his Maruti and took me to Vadgaon, 7 km away.

On the way he told me the story.

“It’s a cloak and dagger story really.  It’s a long story but let us start in 1772, when Mahadev Peshwa died. His brother NarayanRao became the Peshwa King. NarayanRao’suncle(RaghunathRao) had NarayanRao assassinated and became the Peshwa. Got it so far?

Howeve, Mahadev’s widow had a posthumous son. He was the legal heir to the throne. !2 Maratha chiefs led by Nana Phadnis acclaimed the son Sai MahadavRao, the ruler.

RaghunathRao had to do something.

The port of Mumbai had been under British rule since 1661.With the rise of the Maratha Empire, the British were afraid that they would ally with the French. So  Raghunathrao, sought help from the British in Mumbai, and Signed the treaty of Surat  in March 1775 handing over the forts of Salsete aandBassein.

Hearing this the Marathas granted the French a port on the West coast.

In retaliation the British sent in their troops, which were joined by Raghunathraos soldiers. They started their march towards Pune from Khopoli, up the Bhor Ghat. You drive up that ghat from khopoli to Pune.

And so, the Marathas got together soldiers from their Empire, and an army of over 10,000 men under the command  ofMahadji Shinde and Tukojirai Holkar lead the Maratha response to this attack. 

The Marathas surrounded the British from all sides, cutting down their supply lines. They followed a scorched earth policy…burn the fields and poison the wells. They played hide and seek from the caves around. Bhagha and Bedse have become heritage sites now.

On 12 January 1779, the British withdrew from Talegaon by retreating in the middle of the night. They were surrounded at Wadgaon and surrendered. The treaty of Wadgaon was signed.

This is the spot apparently that the surrender occurred. 

Stopping by the main Mumbai Pune highway ,NH 4, just as you exit the highway for Wadgaon, near Malinagar, Is the Shrimath Madadevji SHinde Garden. Shinde was the commander in chief of the Maratha army to whom the British army surrendered to. And there was this tower, the Victory Tower. Clearly, diyas were put at some time… there were bottles on the tower. And a big statue of Mahadev Shinde

It was a beautiful green garden, with a childrens play area. A group of 4 school girls were talking on the benches.

Behind was a painting, a mural where the British soldier is on his knees to the Maratha, sitting above. On the sides are the explanation of what this place honours. In English and Marathi.

 

 

We walked around in silence. 

“I’ve got to take you to one more place,” said Mr. Khan. And we went walking to the Police Office. Inside the gate was the usual government shack with many people around. St one corner, there was a placard again giving the History. Looking inside the grills was a long narrow room with fairy lights going on and off. And a cross. 

The commander in chief  of the British army was James Fawda was killed in battle on the battle field at Wadgaon.

And here is his grave. 

I was amazed. The place was obviously looked after. There was a lighted diya inside.

I found it quite amazing, that the grave of the defeated English commander was being so well looked after. I was also quite confused. An enemy grave? Was this to always respect the dead? And what  the British did to us in 1857 is well known. 

There are so many many gems like this, in thousands of villages around India. But somehow, very few, even in that area are aware of the existence of the place.  If there was a celebration on the 13 July every year,it make would make us, and the people of this areas, the children, have a hero in their midst.  

It has been 75 years of independence. And we should not allow our history to be forgotten. 

Source : https://military-history.fandom.com/wiki/First_Anglo-Maratha_War

Leave a Reply

You may also like

Medieval History Miscellaneous

The legacy of loyalty by the great Mughals 

Courtesy: https://twitter.com/mumukshusavitri/status/1532261065207074817?s=24&t=rsnv1Gu82ULo9uO982zZig

1 The Mughal emperor Humayun blinded his own brother Kamran & murdered his brothers Askari and Hindal.

2 Akbar the “great” killed his own foster brother Adham Khan by throwing him down from the palace walls at Agra, in 1562. Akbar’s murder of Adham Khan was illustrated in the Akbarnama by the Mughal court artists Miskin and Shankar.

Image

3 Jahangir cruelly blinded his own son Khusrau as his father Akbar wanted his grandson as heir, because Jahangir was an alcoholic & drug addict. Khusrau was captured, put on an elephant & paraded down Chandni Chowk, while his kinsmen were held at knife-point on raised platforms.

Image

4 As the elephant approached each platform, each supporter was impaled on a stake (through his bowels), while Khusrau was forced to watch & listen to the screams. This was repeated numerous times, then Khusrau was blinded by his father Jahangir in…

Read More
Ancient History History Maritime History Medieval History Miscellaneous

India-China Conflict: India’s Victory of 1967 and the 2020 Clash #Sangam Talk By Probal DasGupta

post-image

The Indian army veteran and author of Watershed 1967: India’s forgotten victory over China, Probal DasGupta talks of the Indo-China relations, particularly the lesser known incidents of 1967. The present standoff in Ladakh has raised questions of war and has brought up the historic narrative between the two countries. today. For fifty years, the event that dominated our memories was the 1962 India-China war, which India lost. However, the present crisis has focused on India’s victory over China in 1967. Probal’s book Watershed 1967 has played a significant role in reshaping the India-China narrative. In this talk he discusses China’s motives and India’s options today, and how 1967 is relevant in the current India-China skirmishes.

About the Speaker:

Probal DasGupta is an Indian army veteran and author…

Read More
Ancient History History Maritime History Medieval History Miscellaneous

Weapons from Punjab and Rajasthan seized in Maharashtra

post-image

While the Hanuman Chalisa and Azaan issue is simmering in Maharashtra huge batches of Swords and other weapons transported from states like Rajasthan and Punjab are being seized in Maharashtra. In last few days three such cases have been registered by Maharashtra police. Isn’t it a clear message that violence is knocking on the door? The rioters being celebrated and awarded in Karnataka and the long list of benefiters from Karauli riots convey the same! Wake up Hindus!

Source: https://www.naidunia.com

Maharashtra के धुले में मिला हथियारों का जखीरा, तलवार और खंजर समेत 90 हथियार जब्त, 4 आरोपी गिरफ्तार। अजान को लेकर राज ठाकरे की होने वाली सभा के लिए, राजस्थान से भेजी जा रही थीं तलवारें।

महाराष्ट्र के धुले जिले से भारी मात्रा में हथियार…

Read More
Ancient History History Maritime History Medieval History Miscellaneous

One more territory lost to the changing Demography! The Uttarakhand!

post-image

Courtesy: https://twitter.com/anshul_aliganj/status/1517047053821825025?s=21&t=m0uR2PDEkJsDWLonYOQqAg

In Uttarakhand the Tourism Industry has been taken over by Samuday Vishesh. After the change in demography this was bound to happen.

Gadhwal was lost already and and now kumaon getting lost. Be it Nainital, Bhimtal, Ramnagar, Bageshwar,Jageshwar,Ranikhet and Kisano every where you will find them.
Locals have leased their hotels and restaurants to them.

Even when they are of not so well off background still they are able to do highest bidding and are able to get the hotels on lease.
Samuday Vishesh People from far off places have come and taken over Uttarakhand Tourism.

They have removed the local waiters , cooks and…

Read More
Ancient History History Maritime History Medieval History Miscellaneous

The Jama Masjid of Ahmedabad on the glorious Bhadra Kali Mandir

post-image

Source:
https://www.booksfact.com/archeology/jama-masjid-ahmedabad-bhadrakali-temple.html

The Jama Masjid in Ahmedabad was originally A Bhadra Kali temple. It was converted into a mosque by Ahmed Shah I. The intricate flowers, coiled serpents representing Kundalini and bells, the remnants of the glorious temple that it may have been. Such carvings are banned in Islam. This goes on to support the history of the temple. Goddess Bhadrakali was believed to be the Nagar Devi of Ahmedabad.

One of Ahmedabad’s ancient names was Bhadra which was after Devi Bhadrakali. Ahmedabad was named after Ahmad Shah I of the Muzaffarid dynasty who forcibly captured “Karnavati” in 1411.

Bhadrakali temple is believed to be one of the oldest temple of Ahmedabad and located inside Bhadra Fort in center of city.The exact date of construction is not known but as per the evidence this holy shrine…

Read More
Ancient History History Maritime History Medieval History Miscellaneous

Facts about Mahmud Ghazni

post-image

Courtesy: Eztainutlacatl

How many of you know that Mahmud’s father was a Kyrghyz Buddhist caught in childhood and converted forcibly? How many know that Mahmud is called Zabuli because he was born out of a forced union between that slave Sabuktegin and a Zabuli Princess?

And how many of you know that Multan sided Mahmud against the Shahis in the name of religion but Mahmud decided Multan was not Muslim enough and attacked it? And how many of you know that of the 17 raids of Mahmud, 14 are against his neighbour, the Shahis?

And how many of you know that Mahmud is not exactly great – he waged an annual jihad against India but in 31 his year rule, only 17 raids are known – what happened to the balance 13? And how…

Read More
Ancient History History Maritime History Medieval History Miscellaneous

Kastur Ba: the secret shadow

post-image

On her 153rd Birth anniversary

Courtesy: Sheshapatangi1

https://twitter.com/sheshapatangi1/status/1513352430250995715?s=21&t=i81i06F0q8_Wv8EeFTvdjg

“I simply cannot bear to look at Ba’s face, the expression is often like that of a meek cow and that in her own dump manner she is saying something” –
MKG

To keep the brand, “Mahatma” popular, they never told the miserable story of his wife.
On her 153rd birth anniversary, let us revisit a tragedy called #KasturbaGandhi.

Born on April 11, 1869 at Porbander, Kasturba was elder to Gandhi by 6 months, she married Mohandas with whom she played since her childhood.

Gandhi’s rejection of Kasturba came to the extent…

Read More
Ancient History History Maritime History Medieval History Miscellaneous

My people uprooted

post-image

Courtesy: Shri Tathagata Roy

HISTORY.
8 April 1950 a fateful pact signed betn Jawaharlal Nehru & Liaquat Ali Khan,PM of Pakistan. After 2 months of Govt-engineered pogrom,slaughter, rape of Hindus in East Pakistan. Estimated 50,000 Hindus killed. An instance of incredible political stupidity on Nehru’s part.

Upon Liaquat’s glib assurance that Hindu refugees would be taken back and restored,the gullible Nehru decided that no rehabilitation of Hindus was necessary in India. Result: no refugee went back and were forced to live under inhuman conditions in Indian camps.

The Pakis were so insincere about the pact that their Govt issued secret instructions not to restore any Hindu to his property. Even after the pact all Hindu passengers in down Assam Mail were pulled down and killed just outside Santahar station.

The two Bengali ministers…

Read More
%d bloggers like this: