Forgotten Pulin Behari Das
Born on this day, January 24th 1877, Pulin since childhood was deeply influenced by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee….
Read the screenshot below:
It was September 1906, Bipin Chandra Pal & Pramatha Nath Mitra were touring Bengal looking for Activists for their Anushilan Samithi.
During a speech Pramatha Nath asked for volunteers who has the will to sacrifice their life for Bharat.
A Man Stepped Forward, He Was Pulin Behari Das, not only he volunteered but also he established Dhaka Anushilan Samiti.
By 1906, he was an expert in Fencing & Lathial, in a short span of time Pulin established around 500 Branches of Dhaka Anushilan Samiti.
As mentioned earlier, Pulin was deeply influenced by Bankim in such a way that, Pulin became Bankim.
There were Bankim Da’s impression everywhere…
1 Writing Pamphlets to distribute in Samiti’s. 2 Planning attacks on British & Zamindars
3 Building Samithi’s and it’s branches..
All his writings confiscated by British leads to this conclusion.
(Please note that, the word “Anushilan”
was given by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee)
Pulin founded the National School in Dhaka. It was basically built as a training ground for raising a revolutionary force. In the beginning the students were trained with lathis and wooden swords. Afterwards they were groomed with daggers and finally with pistols and revolvers.
Pulin masterminded the plot to eliminate Basil Copleston Allen, the erstwhile District Magistrate of Dhaka. On 23 December 1907, when Mr. Allen was on his way back to England, he was shot through his body at the Goalundo railway station but he narrowly escaped with his life.
A few days after the incident a gang of around 400 Muslim rioters attacked Pulin at his residence chanting anti-Hindu slogans.
He staved off the rioters bravely with barely handful of his associates. ( I searched for the reasons, but I didn’t get any)
The most sensationalizing incident was #BARRAH_DACOITY where Pulin with group of freedom fighters raided a Zamindar in early 1908, the looted money was used to spend on Arms & Ammunition.
Pulin got arrested in 1908 for the Barrah case & got lodged in Montgomery Jail, he was released around 1910
& in the same year got arrested again for Dhaka Conspiracy & was sentenced for #lifelong imprisonment, he was transferred to #CellularJail where he met Veer Savarkar.
With the end of 1st world war British released him from jail but was kept under house arrest till 1918. In 1919, when he was totally released, he once again tried to revive the activities of the Samiti. The organization had been banned and its members were scattered here and there, and there was only a lukewarm response. At the Nagpur Congress and later at Kolkata, the majority of
the surviving revolutionaries accepted in principle the leadership of #Gandhi and decided to support the Non-Cooperation Movement.
Pulin, however, remained a steadfast and declined to comprise with ideals and refused to accept the leadership of Gandhi.
Undeterred, he then
established the Bharat Sevak Sangh in the year 1920. Pulin Behari Das eventually published 2 periodicals titled Swaraj and Hak Katha under the patronage of S.R. Das, in order to propagate revolutionary ideas.
Later in the year 1928, Das formed the Bangiya Byayam Samiti at
Mechhuabazar in Calcutta
It was an institute of physical culture and effectively an akhada where he began to train young men in stick wielding, swordplay and wrestling.
After few years, he came under the influence of a yogi and the feeling of non-attachment grew in him. He married & had three sons & two daughters. After that time till date Bangiya Byayam samiti was successfully run by his second son Sourendra till date 2005. Presently his grand sons Biswaranjan & Manishranjan are seeking professional& governmental help to rebuild the ideals of PulinBihari.
Pulin Behari Das joined Maa Bharathi just two years after Independence on